Green Anaheim chile peppers are medium-sized, elongated and curved pods, averaging 15 to 25 centimeters in length, and have a conical shape with slight tapering towards the non-stem end. The semi-thick skin is smooth with deep linear indentations running the length of the pod and has a glossy and waxy sheen over dark to light green hues. Underneath the skin, the pale green flesh is crisp, aqueous, and faintly striated, encasing a central cavity filled with white membranes and many round, cream-colored seeds. Raw Green Anaheim chile peppers have a crunchy consistency with a bright, slightly fruity, and peppery taste with a moderate spice that does not linger on the palate. When cooked, the pepper develops a smoky, sweet, and tangy flavor.
Green Anaheim chile peppers are an excellent source of vitamins A and C, which are antioxidants that can help protect the body from external environmental aggressors and boost the immune system. The peppers also contain vitamins B6 and K, potassium, and fiber.
Green Anaheim chile peppers are best suited for both raw and cooked applications such as roasting, grilling, and baking. The peppers can be used as a slightly hotter substitute for bell peppers and are used in a wide variety of savory dishes. The most popular preparation method is to fire roast the pepper until the skin is charred and then remove the skin to reveal tender, flavorful flesh. Once the pepper is cooked, it is chopped into salsas and sauces, served with egg-based dishes, sliced into soups and stews, tossed into pasta, or layered over tacos and nachos. Green Anaheim chile peppers are also stuffed with meat and cheese, dipped in egg, and then fried to make a version of chile relleno. In addition to food preparations, the pepper can be used as a flavoring for cocktails such as palomas and margaritas. Green Anaheim chile peppers pair well with aged cheeses, fresh young cheeses, pork, poultry, eggs, corn, tomatoes, black beans, rice, spices such as cumin and coriander, cilantro, pineapple, avocado, and zucchini. The peppers will keep up to one week when stored whole, unwashed, and loosely placed in a plastic bag in the refrigerator. Dried or canned peppers will keep up to one year when stored in a sealed container in a cool, dry, and dark place.